Monday, 6 August 2018

Sample size and sampling techniques

A sample size of 180 respondents was used for the study. The stratified and simple random sampling technique was adopted whereby the targeted population was divided into three strata, namely; Uzuokpa Quarter, Aviewho Quarter and Ogboro Quarter. Thereafter, the simple random sampling technique was employed to pick the sample size of sixty (60) respondents from each of the quarter through balloting (slip of papers marked “yes” or “no”) without replacement. In this type of sampling technique, each person in the community was given an equal and independent chance of being included in the sample.

Population of the study area

The population of Oleh according to Census 2006 is Ten Thousand, Seven Hundred and Sixty-two (10,762) persons. But for the purpose of the study, an estimated population of four thousand (4,000) who are women of childbearing age was targeted.

Area of the study

The area of the study is Oleh in Isoko South Local Government Area Delta State. Oleh town is bounded in the south by Emede, in the North by Ozoro, in the West by Irri and in the East by Akiewhe. Oleh is the headquarters of Isoko South Local Government Area. The community has several facilities with include a general hospital, Law Faculty of Delta State University, government and private primary and secondary schools, and so many medium and small scale private owned businesses. The indigenous language of the people of Oleh is the Isoko Language and the major occupation is farming and trading.

Research design

Descriptive research method was used for this study. Descriptive research design is one in which a group of people or item is studied by collecting and analysing data from only a few people or item considered to be a representative of the entire group. Shields and Rangarjan (2013) stated that in a situation where an entire population cannot be reached for the purpose of collecting information in a research work, a fraction of the population can be selected to represent the entire population.


This chapter dealt with the different procedures or methods used in carrying out this project work. The procedures or methods include the following:
Ø  Research design
Ø  Area of the study

Summary of review of related literature

In this review, breast self-examination (BSE) was referred to as a procedure by which the breast, lobules, lactiferous ducts, areola and nipples, are observed and palpated to detect changes or abnormalities that may indicate the presence of malignancy. Techniques for performing breast self-examination was noted to include circular motion or "small circles” pattern, "strips" or "up and down" pattern and "wedges" or radial spokes pattern.

Strategies to promote the practice of breast self-examination

To effective promote the practice of breast self-examination, Wodi (2016) suggested that:
·         There is need to develop effective health education programme to promote breast cancer screening practice for women.
·         Health care providers should develop culturally based strategies to increase people’s awareness on the importance of early screening practices by providing specific information on the accessibility of screening practices.