What is a bandage?
A bandage is a strip of material such as gauze used to protect, immobilize, compress, or support a wound or injured body part.
1. Long Stretch/Ace Bandages: A long stretch bandage is made of cotton fibres and polyurethane, and is used to provide compression pressure to an injured limb, muscle, or joint. Ace bandage is one type of long stretch bandage, which is used to immobilize an injured body part like a sprained ankle or wrist. It discourages excessive movement that can create further injury, but allows some movement of the area unlike a cast or splint. A long stretch bandage is ideal for a wide variety of body parts including the wrist, ankle, and knee and is made especially for fingers and toes.
2. Adhesive Bandages: Adhesive bandages are the only type that stick to the skin and do not require tape or other material to hold it onto the body. Adhesive bandages are ideal for covering wounds or cuts, which may get infected if left open. One type of adhesive bandage is the Band-Aid, which was invented in 1920 by Johnson and Johnson, and has become a popular household name. Other companies also make adhesive bandages like 3M. They are made in a variety of shapes and sizes for different body parts including larger sizes and shapes for greater coverage. Some companies have created decorative adhesive bandages which are popular with children.
3. Sterile Pads: Non-sterile pads work well for supporting bruises, bunions, corns and closed wounds. They may provide cushion or coverage. Non-sterile pads come in boxes and multi-packs. Sizes are similar to those found in sterile pads.
4. Stretch Gauze Bandages: Stretch gauze includes elastic fibres to make the gauze more comfortable and conforming for wrapping wounds and large body parts. Some stretch gauze is disposable and meant only for single use. Other stretch gauze is washable and reusable. The stretch gauze may come in a roll of single ply warp or in a tube roll known as stockinet. Stockinet may be used inside a plaster cast to keep the plaster from adhering to the skin. Some stretch gauze bandages come in reusable forms. Stretch gauze comes in a variety of widths and lengths.
5. Plaster Gauze Bandages: Plaster gauze bandages are gauze strip bandages with gypsum plaster embedded in the fibres. The user can cut the roll into strips, get it wet, and mould it in place to create a solid plaster surface. Doctors may use it to create plaster casts for broken bones. Crafters may use it to create a variety of shaped crafts, including belly and body art castings.
6. Comprilan: Comprilan is a low-stretch compression bandage that is made completely of cotton and is extremely durable. This type of compression bandage can be washed and worn again. It is primarily used to apply compression to injuries like leg ulcers, lymph oedema and other venous diseases. This bandage is comfortable to wear especially when the patient is resting.
7. Tensopress: Tensopress is an elastic compression bandage made of cotton, viscose and elastic thread. It is mostly used for ankle wounds. The material of this bandage makes it an ideal one for sensitive wounds because it reduces the chances of irritation. This bandage is light to wear, yet strong and long enough to easily cover the leg from the base of the toes to the ankle. It applies even and consistent compression to the injury. The design of this bandage helps it glide over the difficult shapes and angles of the foot and ankle. Tensopress is also a long-lasting bandage that continues to provide consistent compression for weeks on end, even after it is washed, which makes it a cost-effective option for treatment.
8. Eloflex: The air-permeable fibres in the eloflex bandage allow it to stretch up to 200 percent, thereby making it extremely stretchable while providing high compression to give instant relief to sprains, strains, and bruises. This bandage is washable and can be worn multiple times.
9. Profore: This four layered bandage is useful in the healing of venous leg ulcers. Hospital and community treatment studies have proven that the use of this bandage is effective in healing 79 percent of leg ulcers in a span of 12 weeks. The layers ensure gradual build up of compression over the wound and also provide sufficient capacity of absorption which forgoes the need for weekly dressing changes. This leads to reduced nursing time and savings in treatment costs. In addition, it is convenient to use since it provides all the components necessary for the application of gradual compression in one pack.
10. Proguide: This proguide multilayer compression bandage provides sustained compression to leg ulcers for a period of seven days at a stretch. The elastic used in the making of this bandage makes this possible.
11. Adhesive Tapes: Adhesive tapes are specially formulated to offer support to weakened body joints, such as the knees or ankles. In addition to providing short-term support to joints, adhesive tapes help with the process of rehabilitation following a sporting or occupational injury. These bandage types usually come on a winding spool and have an adhesive substance that is non-aggravating to the skin. Adhesive tape is applied directly to the injured area and can adapt and stretch to fit specific body contours.
12. Neoprene Bandages: Knee support bandages are often made from neoprene, a synthetic rubber that's highly resistant to moisture and aging. This bandage comes as a wrap that can self-adjust through a Velcro enclosure. Neoprene knee bandages also have a high-quality lining that drains away perspiration to ensure maximum comfort. Some knee bandages have a compression feature, which helps speed up the healing of injuries to soft tissues. These knee pads are commonly used by participants in sports such as soccer (goalkeeping) and volleyball
13. Microporous Bandages: These bandage types are constructed from soft non-woven materials that adapt well to contoured body areas. The adhesive element creates a secure bond upon contact and is also hypoallergenic, meaning it won't cause allergic reactions on the skin. Microporous tape can be withdrawn painlessly by hand and does not leave any sticky residue on the skin. It is often used to fix wound dressings or to secure electrodes for medical assessments. Microporous tape tears easily prior to application and is permeable both to water vapour and air.
14. Zinc Oxide Tape: Zinc oxide tape is a sturdy, resilient bandage that can be used either as strapping for an injured joint or to help sustain a dressing already in place. It allows the skin to breathe while bandaged and has an adhesive side that does not aggravate the skin. Zinc oxide tape can be torn easily by hand prior to application and conforms easily to contoured body areas. It shouldn't be used to surround muscle areas; these are likely to expand during exercise, which may lead to blood circulation problems.
15. Strip Bandage: The strip bandage is the most common bandage to first aid kits, used for any small wound on a flat surface.
16. Finger Tip Bandage: The finger tip bandage is used for just that - a finger tip. It is made to wrap around the finger.
17. Knuckle Bandage: The knuckle bandage wraps around the knuckle.
18. Butterfly Closure: The butterfly closure is used to pull both sides of a cut back together to promote healing and help prevent infection.
19. Donut Bandage: The Donut Bandage is used to put pressure around an impaled object without putting pressure on the object itself. Attach with roll or gauze or tape.
20. Pressure Bandages: A pressure bandage is best described as a conforming gauze roll bandage that contains an inner absorbent layer of porous cotton to be applied to a wound site. The rolled gauze is then applied around the cotton pad to hold it in place on the wound.
21. Gauze Rolls: Gauze rolls come in various lengths and sizes and can be wrapped around any wound, can also be used to hold a gauze pad in place.
22. 5 x 9 Sterile Gauze Pad: Sterile Gauze Pads can be used for various sizes of wounds, they come in sizes from 2x2 inches, 3x3 inches, 4x4 inches up to 5x9 (shown) or larger.
23. Triangular Bandage: The triangular bandage takes up little space in a first aid kit - the bandage when wrapped in its package is only about 3 inches square- but it unwraps to a large flexible triangular sheet which can be used to sling an arm, wrap around a wrist injury, wrap around an injured head. A very versatile bandage - a valuable addition to any first aid kit
24. Sterile Burn Sheets: Sterile Burn sheets are non-woven and made of laminated tissue fibres that provide a sterile environment. They prevent infection without sticking to the burned area. Their construction resists tearing and conforms to the person's contours. The burn sheet may be used as a wet or dry dressing.
25. Steri-Strips: Steri-Strip Closures are pre-cut and reinforced for extra strength. They minimize the risk of superficial wounds opening during healing. Although they should not be used in place of stitches, they are great to close superficial wounds until you can get to a place you can receive stitches.
26. Tensor Bandages: Tensor bandages are elastic stretch bandages that provide compression and a controlled pressure. Metal clips hold them in place. Great to stop bleeding.
27. Eye Patch: The eye patch is placed over a wounded or infect eye, a triangular bandage wrapped around the head is a good way to hold it in place.
28. Dressings Bondage: Dressings are used to cover wounds, prevent contamination and control bleeding. Adhesive dressings are used mainly for small wounds. They come in many different sizes, including specific types for placement on fingertips and knuckles. Gauze dressings are thick, cotton pads used to cover larger wounds. They are held in place with tape or by wrapping with a gauze strip. Dressings must be sterile and absorbent to deter the growth of bacteria, and should be left in place until the wound heals, unless it needs to be regularly cleaned.
29. Roller Bandages: Roller bandages are long strips of material. They are often purchased wound into a cylinder shape. An elastic roller bandage is used to apply support to a strain or sprain and is wrapped around the joint or limb many times. It should be applied firmly, but not tightly enough to reduce circulation. Cotton or linen roller bandages are used to cover gauze dressings. They come in many different widths and are held in place with tape, clips or pins. They can also be used for wound compression if necessary, as they are typically sterile.
30. Tubular Bandages: Tubular bandages are used on fingers and toes because those areas are difficult to bandage with gauze. They can also be used to keep dressings in place on parts of the body with lots of movement, such as the elbow or knee. Larger varieties support joints, hold dressings in place and can be used under a cast. The drawback to tubular bandages is that they require an applicator to put on and can be more expensive than roller bandages.
31. Gauze Bandage: A gauze bandage is a woven piece of material wrapped around the injured body part to aid in healing. It is used to cover an injury or a wound to prevent germs from entering the affected area. It also can hold a dressing in place, which may contain ointment to aid healing and prevent infection. Gauze is used when giving blood at a doctor's office with a cotton ball over the needle site to prevent bleeding and encourage clotting. Gauze will not stick to the skin.
32. Short Stretch Bandages: For certain medical conditions like lymph oedema, a short stretch compression bandage is used to prevent swelling and discourage build-up of fluids under the skin by providing resistance. Short stretch bandages are made from tightly woven cotton, so that they will provide sufficient pressure or resistance against the skin so fluid cannot build up causing swelling and discomfort common to lymph oedema.