Thursday, 10 July 2014

Compare and Contrast the Greek System of Education with the present day Education in Nigeria


Comparison between the Greek and Nigerian System of Education.
·        The Greek and Nigerian system of education are divided into three main levels; primary, secondary and tertiary.
·        Both operate primary education spanning six years (ages 6 to 12).
·        Both educational systems have two stages of secondary education.
·        The Ministry exercises centralised control over state schools, by prescribing the curriculum, appointing staff and controlling funding.
·        Undergraduate courses typically last a minimum of 4 years postgraduate (MSc level) courses last from 1 to 2 years and doctorates (PhD level) from 3 to 6 years.
·        All levels of education are catered for by both private and public schools.
·        Private schools fall under the mandate of the Ministry, which exercises supervisory control over them.
·        At a regional level, the supervisory role of the Ministry is exercised through Regional Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education, and Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education operate in every Prefecture.
·        There are also a number of private tutors schools, colleges and universities operating alongside the state education and providing supplementary tuition. These parallel schools provide foreign language tuition, supplementary lessons for weak students as well as exam preparation courses for competitive  national examinations. Most of the students typically attend such classes (and examinations) at the tutors schools in the afternoon and evening in addition to their normal schooling.

Contrast between the Greek and the Nigerian System of Education.
·        Both Greek and Nigerian system of education are mainly divided into three levels, primary, secondary and tertiary, but in the case Greek system of education, there is an additional post-secondary level providing vocational training.
·        Both operate primary education. In Greek system, primary education is divided into kindergarten lasting one or two years, and primary school spanning six years (ages 6 to 12), but in the Nigeria system, kindergarten which usually span between 2 to 3 years are separated from the primary level of education which necessitate a condition where children attending the kindergarten to start school between the age of 2 to 3 years old.
·        Both operate two stages of secondary education. The Nigerian system is divided into junior and senior secondary while that of the Greek educational system is divided into Gymnasio (variously translated as Middle or Junior High School), a compulsory three-year school, after which students can attend Lykeion (an academically-oriented High School) or Vocational training.
·        The Nigerian system of education is catered for by the Ministry of Education while the Greek system is primarily catered for by the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs.
·        In both cases tertiary institutions are nominally autonomous, but the Ministry is responsible for their funding of the state-run school, in the Greek educational system, the distribution of students to undergraduate courses are handled by the ministry while the in the Nigerian system, the schools handle the distribution of students by setting cut-off points using student scores in entrance examination.
·        Currently the Greek government only recognises the degree programmes offered by the state-run universities although there are several private universities and colleges offering degree programmes that are validated and overseen by American, British and other European universities. The Greek government is pressured to recognise these overseas programmes. But in the Nigerian systems, all degrees from universities accredited by National Universities Commission are recognised by the government.
·        In the Greek system of Education, state-run schools and universities do not charge tuition fees and textbooks are provided free to all students, although, from 2011 onwards, there has been noticed a shortage in new textbooks, forcing students to either buy stock books from bookshops, or participate in parent-teacher association-run book trades, while in the Nigerian System, students are made to pay tuition fees although it is comparatively lower that the fees charged by the private-run universities and the student are made to purchase their books.

References
Anastasios Giamouridis and Carl Bagley, Journal of Modern Greek Studies, vol. 24, No. 1, "Policy, Politics and Social Inequality in the Educational System", May 2006, pp. 1–21.
Education Research Centre - Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, The Greek Education System. Facts and Figures (Supervision: Prof. V. Koulaidis. Compiled by C. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Patouna, A. Katsis & S. Georgiadou), Athens, 2003. (ISBN 960-541-106-7)
Greek Educational System: The Implementation of the ICT in the Greek Curriculum in Compulsory Education, IACM/FORTH, November 2003
National report of Greece 2009 - Bologna Process: http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/hogeronderwijs/bologna/links/Greece.htm
UBEC. "About UBEC. Universal Basic Education Commission". Retrieved 30 August 2012.
"Nigeria Education Profile". U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Nigeria.
Schultz, T.P. (2002). "Why Governments should Invest More to Educate Girls" World Development, Vol. 30 No.2 Pp 207 - 225.
Nussbaum, Martha (2003) "Women's Education: A Global Challenge" Sign:: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 2003, vol. 29, no. 2 Pp 325 - 355.
Aliu, S, (2001). "The Competitive Drive, New Technologies and Employment: The Human Capital Link". A Paper presented at the Second Tripartite Conference of Manpower Planners. Chelsea Hotel, Abuja.

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