Reject
Ho, if x^{2} calculated ≤ x^{2} 0.05 = 16.919
Accept
Ho, if x^{2} calculated > x^{2} 0.05 = 16.919
Research question I
Are there possible problems of effective teaching
and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in OgwashiUku?
Research hypothesis I
There would be no
significant relationship on problems of effective teaching and learning of
physical education in junior secondary schools in OgwashiUku
Table 4.4b:
Summary of the respondents’ responses to items 1, 2, 3 and 4
A

SA

D

SD

Total


O

E

O

E

O

E

O

E


93

39.75

24

19.5

21

47.25

12

43.5

150

21

39.75

42

19.5

57

47.25

30

43.5

150

24

39.75

3

19.5

69

47.25

54

43.5

150

21

39.75

9

19.5

42

47.25

78

43.5

150

159


78


189


174


600

x^{2 } = 229.3, table value = 16.919 at 9df
Applying decision rule
Calculated value X^{2} is 229.3 and
critical value is 16.919 at an alpha of 0.05 level of significance. Since the calculated
value is greater than the critical value, the research hypothesis is rejected.
Hence, the alternative hypothesis is accepted which means that there is
significant relationship on problems of effective teaching and learning of
physical education in junior secondary schools in OgwashiUku
Research
question II
Are there contributory factors to the problems of
effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary
schools in OgwashiUku?
Research hypothesis II
There would be no significant relationship on the
contributory factors to the problems of effective teaching and learning of
physical education in junior secondary schools in OgwashiUku.
Table 4.5b:
Summary of the respondents’ responses to items 5, 6, 7 and 8
A

SA

D

SD

Total


O

E

O

E

O

E

O

E


69

43.5

21

13.5

27

53.25

33

39.75

150

42

43.5

6

13.5

72

53.25

30

39.75

150

57

43.5

9

13.5

57

53.25

39

39.75

150

18

43.5

18

13.5

57

53.25

57

39.75

150

174


54


213


159


600

x^{2
} = 87.8, table value = 16.919 at 9df
Applying decision rule
Calculated
value x^{2} value is 87.8 and critical value is 16.919 at an alpha of 0.05
level of significance. Since the calculated value is greater than the critical
value, the research hypothesis is rejected. Hence, the alternative hypothesis
is accepted which means that there is significant relationship on the
contributory factors to the problems of effective teaching and learning of
physical education in junior secondary schools in OgwashiUku.
Research
question III
Are there implications of the problems of effective
teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in
OgwashiUku?
Research hypothesis III
There would be no significant relationship on
implications of the problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education
in junior secondary schools in OgwashiUku.
Table 4.6b: Summary of respondents’ responses to
items 9, 10, 11 and 12
A

SA

D

SD

Total


O

E

O

E

O

E

O

E


36

28.5

15

9

69

55.5

30

57

150

18

28.5

6

9

78

55.5

48

57

150

24

28.5

3

9

45

55.5

78

57

150

36

28.5

12

9

30

55.5

72

57

150

114


36


222


228


600

x^{2 } = 74.2, table value = 16.919 at 9df
Applying decision rule
Calculated
value of X^{2} is 74.2, critical value is 16.919 at an alpha of 0.05 level of significance.
Since the calculated value is greater than the critical value, the research
hypothesis is rejected. Hence, the alternative hypothesis is accepted which
means that there is significant relationship on the contributory factors to the
problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior
secondary schools in OgwashiUku.
Research
question IV
Are there possible solutions to the problems of
effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary
schools in OgwashiUku.
Research
hypothesis IV
There would be no significant relationship on
possible solutions to the problems of effective teaching and learning of
physical education in junior secondary schools in OgwashiUku.
Table 4.7b:
Summary of respondents’ responses to items 13, 14, 15 and 16
A

SA

D

SD

Total


O

E

O

E

O

E

O

E


33

31.5

9

12

42

45

66

61.5

150

39

31.5

12

12

54

45

45

61.5

150

27

31.5

18

12

48

45

57

61.5

150

27

31.5

9

12

36

45

78

61.5

150

126


48


180


246


600

x^{2 } = 45.6, table value = 16.919 at 9df
Applying decision rule
Calculated
value of x^{2} is 45.6 while critical value is 16.919 at an alpha of 0.05
level of significance. Since the calculated value is greater than the critical
value, the research hypothesis is rejected. Hence, the alternative hypothesis
is accepted which means that there is significant relationship on possible
solutions to the problems of effective teaching and learning of physical
education in junior secondary schools in OgwashiUku.
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