Thursday, 11 October 2018

Data analysis and interpretation of results


Decision rule
Reject Ho, if x2 calculated ≤ x2 0.05 = 16.919
Accept Ho, if x2 calculated > x2 0.05 = 16.919

Research question I
Are there possible problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku?

Research hypothesis I
There would be no significant relationship on problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku
Table 4.4b: Summary of the respondents’ responses to items 1, 2, 3 and 4
A
SA
D
SD
Total
O
E
O
E
O
E
O
E

93
39.75
24
19.5
21
47.25
12
43.5
150
21
39.75
42
19.5
57
47.25
30
43.5
150
24
39.75
3
19.5
69
47.25
54
43.5
150
21
39.75
9
19.5
42
47.25
78
43.5
150
159

78

189

174

600
  x2  = 229.3, table value = 16.919 at 9df

Applying decision rule
Calculated value X2 is 229.3 and critical value is 16.919 at an alpha of 0.05 level of significance. Since the calculated value is greater than the critical value, the research hypothesis is rejected. Hence, the alternative hypothesis is accepted which means that there is significant relationship on problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku

Research question II
Are there contributory factors to the problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku?

Research hypothesis II
There would be no significant relationship on the contributory factors to the problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku.

Table 4.5b: Summary of the respondents’ responses to items 5, 6, 7 and 8
A
SA
D
SD
Total
O
E
O
E
O
E
O
E

69
43.5
21
13.5
27
53.25
33
39.75
150
42
43.5
6
13.5
72
53.25
30
39.75
150
57
43.5
9
13.5
57
53.25
39
39.75
150
18
43.5
18
13.5
57
53.25
57
39.75
150
174

54

213

159

600
x2  = 87.8, table value = 16.919 at 9df

Applying decision rule
Calculated value x2 value is 87.8 and critical value is 16.919 at an alpha of 0.05 level of significance. Since the calculated value is greater than the critical value, the research hypothesis is rejected. Hence, the alternative hypothesis is accepted which means that there is significant relationship on the contributory factors to the problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku.

Research question III
Are there implications of the problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku?

Research hypothesis III
There would be no significant relationship on implications of the problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku.
Table 4.6b: Summary of respondents’ responses to items 9, 10, 11 and 12
A
SA
D
SD
Total
O
E
O
E
O
E
O
E

36
28.5
15
9
69
55.5
30
57
150
18
28.5
6
9
78
55.5
48
57
150
24
28.5
3
9
45
55.5
78
57
150
36
28.5
12
9
30
55.5
72
57
150
114

36

222

228

600
  x2  = 74.2, table value = 16.919 at 9df

Applying decision rule
Calculated value of X2 is 74.2, critical value is 16.919 at an alpha of 0.05 level of significance. Since the calculated value is greater than the critical value, the research hypothesis is rejected. Hence, the alternative hypothesis is accepted which means that there is significant relationship on the contributory factors to the problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku.

Research question IV
Are there possible solutions to the problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku.

Research hypothesis IV
There would be no significant relationship on possible solutions to the problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku.
 Table 4.7b: Summary of respondents’ responses to items 13, 14, 15 and 16
        A
        SA
        D
       SD
Total
O
E
O
E
O
E
O
E

33
31.5
9
12
42
45
66
61.5
150
39
31.5
12
12
54
45
45
61.5
150
27
31.5
18
12
48
45
57
61.5
150
27
31.5
9
12
36
45
78
61.5
150
126

48

180

246

600
   x2  = 45.6, table value = 16.919 at 9df

Applying decision rule
Calculated value of x2 is 45.6 while critical value is 16.919 at an alpha of 0.05 level of significance. Since the calculated value is greater than the critical value, the research hypothesis is rejected. Hence, the alternative hypothesis is accepted which means that there is significant relationship on possible solutions to the problems of effective teaching and learning of physical education in junior secondary schools in Ogwashi-Uku.

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