Data presentation and analysis of research questions


Research question one
Are the elderly people in Agbor delta state aware of the implication of their feeding habits to their health?            

Questions 1,2, 3, 4 and 5 from the questionnaire are set of related question used for the treatment of research question 1 as shown the table


Respondents opinion on research question 1
S/N
Question
Yes
No
Total
1
Are you aware of the important of good feeding habit to human health?
96
96%
4
4%
100
100%
2
Do you know that excess intake of food especially in an unbalanced proportion can lead to overweight?
8
8%
92
92%
100
100%
3
Do you know that not eating enough food containing necessary food nutrients can lead to malnutrition?
82
82%
18
18%
100
100%
4
Do you eat three square meal a day?

65
65%
35
35%
100
100%
5
Do you know that skipping of meal can lead to malnutrition?
22
22%
78
78%
100
100%

Table 4.2.1 above shows that 96% of the respondents agreed that they are aware of the importance of good feeding habit to human health in the study area, 4% of the respondents disagreed. 8% agreed that excess intake of food especially in an unbalanced proportion can lead to overweight while 92% disagreed. 82%of the respondents have the knowledge that not eating enough food containing necessary food nutrients can lead to malnutrition while 18% disagreed. 65% agreed that the eat three square meal a day while 35% disagreed and 22% of the respondents agreed that skipping of meal can lead to malnutrition while 78% disagreed.

Research question two
Are the elderly ones aware of the causes or problems related to their pattern of feeding?

Questions 6,7,8,9 and 10 from the questionnaire are set of related to question used for the treatment of research question 2 as shown in the table 4.2.2

Table 4.2.2: Respondents opinion on research question 2
S/N
Question
Yes
No
Total
6
Is ignorance a cause of malnutrition among the elderly?
18
18%
82
82%
100
100%
7
Is ageing a cause of malnutrition?

24
24%
76
76%
100
100%
8
Does lack of social interaction, contact or communication with other people in elderly lead to malnutrition?
14
14%
86
86%
100
100%
9
Does dieting causes malnutrition?

13
13%
87
87%
100
100%
10
Is poverty a cause of malnutrition?
100
100%
0
0%
100
100%

Table 4.2.2 above shows 18% of the respondents agreed that ignorance is a cause of malnutrition among the elderly, 82% disagreed. 24% of the respondents agreed that ageing is a cause of malnutrition, 76% disagreed. 14% agreed that socio isolation in elderly can lead to malnutrition in elderly, 86% disagreed. 13% agreed that dieting can cause malnutrition, 87% disagreed and 100% of the respondents agreed that poverty can cause malnutrition while none disagreed.

Research question three
Are the elderly ones aware of the health problems associated with their feeding habit?

Questions 11,12,13,14 and 15 from the questionnaire are set of related questions used for the treatment of research question 3 as shown in the table 4.2.3.

Table 4.2.3: Respondents opinion on research question three
S/N
Question
Yes
No
Total
11
Do you know that lack of proper nutrition can lead to malnutrition?
92
92%
8
8%
100
100%
12
Does excess intake of food especially in an unbalance proportion in elderly promote heart disease?
25
25%
75
75%
100
100%
13
Does lack of proper nutrition in elderly cause by physical disability such as arthritis and vision impairment?
45
45%
55
55%
100
100%
14
Does ageing lead to reduction in the sense of taste?
40
40%
60
60%
100
100%
15
Is loss of appetite among the elderly sometimes as a result of depression?
45
45%
55
55%
100
100%

Table 4.2.3 above shows that 92% of the respondents agreed that lack of proper nutrition can lead to malnutrition, 8% disagreed. 25% agreed that excess intake of food especially in an unbalanced proportion in elderly promotes the risk of heart disease, 75% disagreed. 40% agreed that inadequate nutrition in elderly can cause physical disability such as arthritis and vision impairment, 60% disagreed. 40% greed that ageing can lead to reduction of sense of taste, 60% disagreed. 455 of the respondents agreed that loss of appetite among the elderly sometimes as a result of depression.

Research question four
Do they have the knowledge on how to avoid situations or problems that may arise from eating habit or pattern?

Questions 16,17,18,19 and 20 from the questionnaire are set of related questions used for the treatment of research question 4 as shown in table 4.2.4.

Table 4.2.4: Respondents opinion on research question 4
S/N
Question
Yes
No
Total
16
Doeseating of balance diet prevent malnutrition?

96
96%
4
4%
100
100%
17
Does regular intake of alcohol before and during meals lessen appetite?
14
14%
86
86%
100
100%
18
Is regular exercise before and after meals helpful?
85
85%
15
15%
100
100%
19
Does increase intake of fruits and vegetables help to reduce health problems associated with feeding habits?
13
13%
87
87%
100
100%
20
Does increase intake of fluids such as water prevent constipation?
35
35%
65
65%
100
100%

Table 4.2.4 above shows that 96% of the respondents agreed that eating balance diet prevent malnutrition, 4% disagreed. 14% agreed that regular intake of alcohol before and during meals lessen appetite, 86% disagreed, 85% agreed that regular exercise before and after meals is helpful, 15% disagreed, 13% agreed that increase intake of fruits and vegetables helps to reduce problems associated with feeding habits. 35% of the respondents believed that increase intake of fluids such as water prevent constipation while 65% disagreed.

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